Making Comparisons in Mandarin with 6 Common Words

In today’s lesson, let’s learn how to make comparisons in Mandarin using the most 6 common words: 比, 没有, 一样, 差不多, 更, 最. We hope you enjoy this lesson. If you have any questions, please leave us a comment.

Structure 1:  A + 比 + B + Adj.

e.g.

他比哥哥聪明。

He is smarter than his elder brother.

地铁比公交车方便。

The subway is more convenient than the bus.

Structure 2: 

A + 比 + B + Adj. + 数量/一点儿/一些/多了

e.g.

我比你高5厘米.

I’m 5cm taller than you.

今天比昨天冷一点儿。

It’s colder today than yesterday.

Structure 3:A + 比 + B + Verb Phrase

e.g.

大卫比麦克爱运动。

David loves sports more than Mike.

玛丽比我有钱。

Mary is richer than me.

Structure 4: A + 比 + B + Verb + 得 + Adj.

 or                A + Verb + 得 + 比 + B + Adj.

e.g.

玛丽比大卫来得早。= 玛丽来得比大卫早。

Mary came earlier than David.

他比他弟弟跑得快。= 他跑得比他弟弟快。

He runs faster than his younger brother.

Structure 1: A + 没有 + B + Adj.

e.g.

哥哥没有他聪明。

His elder brother is not as smart as him.

Structure 2: A + 没有 + B + Verb phrase

e.g.

我没有玛丽有钱。

I’m not as rich as Mary.

Structure 3: A + 没有 + B + Verb + 得 + Adj.

e.g.

大卫没有玛丽来得早。

David didn’t come as early as Mary.

Structure 1: A + 和/跟 + B + 一样

e.g.

他和我一样。

He is the same as me.

他的性格和他妈妈的性格一样。

He has the same personality as his mom.

Structure 2: A + 和/跟 + B + 一样 + Adj.

e.g.

你家跟我家一样大。

Your house is the same size as mine.

她的头发跟我的头发一样长。

Her hair is as long as mine.

Structure 3: A + 和/跟 + B + 不一样

e.g.

深圳的天气和北京的天气不一样。

The weather in Shenzhen is different from that in Beijing.

中国的文化和美国的文化不一样。

Chinese culture is different from American cult-ure.

Structure 1: Subj. + 差不多

e.g.

我们的想法差不多。

We think almost the same.

我们的中文水平差不多。

We are almost at the same level in Chinese.

Structure 2: A + 和/跟 + B + 差不多

e.g.

你的工作和我的工作差不多。

Your job is almost the same as mine.

你的旧手机跟我的新手机差不多。

Your old phone is almost the same as my new phone.

Structure 3: A + 和/跟 + B + 差不多 + Adj.

e.g.

她的孩子和我的孩子差不多大。

Her child and mine are almost the same age.

妹妹跟哥哥差不多高。

The younger sister is almost as tall as her elder brother.

Structure: 更 + Adj.

e.g.

这两个银行,哪个更近?

The two banks, which one is closer?

我喜欢在网上买衣服,因为更便宜。

I like buying clothes online because it is cheaper.

Structure 1: 最 + Adj. + (了)

e.g.

你们家谁最高?

Who is the tallest in your family?

他是我们学校最有经验的老师。

He is the most experienced teacher in our school.

Structure 2: 最 + Psych Verb + Object + (了)

e.g.

我最爱吃中国菜。

I love Chinese food the most.

他最喜欢上数学课。

He likes math classes the most.

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