Master Common Usage of “上(shàng)”

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1. Used to say on the surface of an object.


The cat is sleeping on a chair.



There are some pictures on the wall.



You have something on your face. 

2. Within the scope of something.


The book says tea has 5,000 years of history.


       今天汉语课上,老师 一共教了三个汉字。

In today’s Chinese class, the teacher taught 3 characters altogether.



At the meeting, our customers asked us a lot of questions.

3. “在+a topic+上” indicate “about(a topic)”.

Eg: 如果在学习上有什么问题,你可以给我打电话。

     If you have any questions about your studies, just call me.



    People who read and who don’t read are very different when it comes to their way of thinking and their behaviors.



     When someone first goes aboard, he/she must have a lot to adjust.


1. to complete something or achieve a goal.


   We finally climbed to the top of the mountain.



    It’s raining outside, can I close the window?



      Two years ago, she got accepted by the best university in China.

2. Indicates an action is going to happen and will continue. 


    He has become obsessed with motorcycles recently.



     Now, I have really fallen in love with this place.

Be Used as a Verb

1. Means to go, go ahead (spoken).


       David runs too slowly. Mike, you go!



       He went to the hospital.



  I’m going to Beijing for a meeting tomorrow.

2. From low to high.


       Hurry up, the car is going to leave.



       We take the elevator every day.



      It’s getting dark, we’d better not go up the mountain today.

3. To do something on time.


       He usually takes his Chinese class every Tuesday.



       She goes to work at nine and finishes at five.

4. Means to bring food or drinks to the table (mostly used in restaurants).


       The waiter has started serving food. Why hasn’t she come yet?



   Excuse me, could you please give us another pot of tea?

5. Paint, put.


       The children are coloring the picture.


      Don’t worry, your hand won’t hurt anymore after you put on the ointment.

6. To a certain amount or some degree.


       Yesterday, more than a thousand people participated the marathon race.



       People tend to sleep less as we age.

first(part), preceding, previous


       He brought me a bottle of wine when he came to my house last time.


       Last week, she went to Harbin for a trip.



       This book has volume 1 and 2, but I have only read volume 1.

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